Climate Change, Intergenerational Justice and Development

Christoph Lumer

Abstract


The subject of this paper is distributive justice in relation to financing greenhouse gas abatement. After separating the various questions of distributive justice in climate change (first section) and isolating the financing issue (second section), the paper explores whether any effective moral norms resolving this question already exist. It is argued that such norms still have to be constructed. As a basis for the further discussion, a criterion for moral duties is proposed, progressive norm welfarism, which takes up the constructivist idea (third section). Ethical , intuitive, moral and political considerations finally converge into a proposal for ‘no harm to developing countries’ (fourth section).

Full Text:

PDF

References


Athanasiou, Tom / Baer, Paul (2002): Dead Heat. Global Justice and Global Warming. New York: Seven Stories Press.

Banuri, Tariq / Göran-Maler, Karl / Grubb, Michael / Jacobson, Harold / Yamin, Farhana (1996): Equity and Social Considerations. In: IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change): Climate Change 1995. Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Edited by J. P. Bruce / Hoesung Lee / E. F. Haites. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 79-124.

Bhaskar, V. (1993): Controlling Global Warming. Distributional Issues. New Delhi: Delhi School for Economics.

Cline, William R. (1992): The Economics of Global Warming. Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics.

Elzen, M. den / Janssen, M. / Rotmans, J. / Swart, R. / Vries, B. de (1993): Allocating Constrained Global Carbon Budgets. In: International Journal of Global Energy Issues. No. 4, 287-301.

GCP (Global Carbon Project) (2008): Carbon Budget and Trends 2007. http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbonbudget/07/index.htm. Viewed 26 September 2008.

GCP (Global Carbon Project) (2008): Carbon budget 2007. Appendix: Emission figures. http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/global/pdf/Press%20Release%20-%20Emission%20figures.pdf. Viewed 26 September 2008.

Ghosh, Prodipto (1993): Structuring the Equity Issue in Climate Change. In: Achanta, A. N. (ed.): The Climate Change Agenda. An Indian Perspective. New Delhi: Tata Energy Research Institute.

Grübler, Arnulf / Fujii, Yasumasa (1991): Intergenerational and Spatial Equity Issues of Carbon Accounts. In: Energy. No 16, 1397-1416.

Grübler, Arnulf; / Nakicenovic, N. (1991): International Burdensharing in Greenhouse Gas Reduction. World Bank, Environmental Policy Division.

Hyder, Tariq O. (1992): Climate Negotiations. The North/South Perspective. In: Mintzer, Irving (ed.): Confronting Climate Change. Risks, Implications and Responses. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kverndokk, Snorre (1995): Tradeable CO2 Emission Permits. Initial Distribution as a Justice Problem. In: Environmental Values. No. 4, 129-148.

Lumer, Christoph (2006): Prioritarian Welfare Functions. http://mora.rente.nhh.no/projects/EqualityExchange/ressurser/articles/lumer1.pdf.

Lumer, Christoph (2002): The Greenhouse. A Welfare Assessment and Some Morals. Lanham, Md.; New York; Oxford: University Press of America.

Lumer, Christoph (2000): Rationaler Altruismus. Eine prudentielle Theorie der Rationalität und des Altruismus. Osnabrück: Universitätsverlag Rasch.

Mabey, Nick / Hall, Stephen / Smith, Clare / Gupta, Sujata (1997): Argument in the Greenhouse. The International Economics of Controlling Global Warming. London, New York: Routledge.

Meyer, Aubrey (2001): Contraction & Convergence. The Global Solution to Climate Change. Totnes: Green Books.

Ott, Konrad (2003): Ethische Aspekte des Klimawandels. In: Gottschalk-Mazouz, Niels / Mazouz, Nadia (eds.): Nachhaltigkeit und Globaler Wandel. Integrative Forschung zwischen Normativität und Unsicherheit. Frankfurt, New York: Campus. 169-201.

Page, Edward A. (2006): Climate Change, Justice and Future Generations. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar.

Paterson, Matthew (1996): International Justice and Global Warming. In: Holden, Barry (ed.): The Ethical Dimensions of Global Change. London: Macmillan. 181-201.

Shue, Henry (1993): Subsistence Emissions and Luxury Emissions. In: Law and Policy. No. 15, 39-59.

Shukla, P. R. (1999): Justice, Equity and Efficiency in Climate Change. A Developing Country Perspective. In: Tóth, F.L. (ed.): Fair Weather. London. 145-159.

Smith, Kirk R. (1993): The Basics of Greenhouse Gas Indices. In: Hayes, Peter / Smith, Kirk (eds.): The Global Greenhouse Regime. Who Pays? Science, Economics and North-South Politics in the Climate Change Convention. London: United Nations University Press; Earthscan. 20-50.

Smith, Kirk R. / Swisher, Joel / Ahuja, Dilip R. (1993): Who Pays (to Solve the Problem and How Much)? In: Hayes, Peter / Smith, Kirk (eds.): The Global Greenhouse Regime. Who Pays? Science, Economics and North-South Politics in the Climate Change Convention. London: United Nations University Press; Earthscan. 70-98.

Welsch, Heinz (1993): A CO2 Agreement Proposal with Flexible Quotas. In: Energy Policy. No. 21, 748-756.

Wirth, David A. / Lashof, Daniel A. (1990): Beyond Vienna and Montreal. Multilateral Agreements on Greenhouse Gases. In: Ambio. Vol. 19 (6-7/1990), 305-310.

WRI (World Resources Institute) (2009): Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) Version 6.0. http://cait.wri.org/cait.php?page=yearly. Viewed June 6 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24357/igjr.3.3.491

Copyright (c) 2016 Intergenerational Justice Review



Tübingen Open Journals – Privacy Protection